According to the interpretation generally held today, the poems contained in this book were originally love-songs, perhaps intended for a Jewish wedding feast and meant to exalt conjugal love. She has to play her part through rational argument and she has to reawaken the spiritual energy without which justice, which always demands sacrifice, cannot prevail and prosper. So what are the essential elements of Christian and ecclesial charity? In his encounter “face to face” with the God who is Love, the monk senses the impelling need to transform his whole life into service of neighbour, in addition to service of God. Eros, reduced to pure “sex”, has become a commodity, a mere “thing” to be bought and sold, or rather, man himself becomes a commodity. The Apostles, who had been entrusted primarily with “prayer” (the Eucharist and the liturgy) and the “ministry of the word”, felt over-burdened by “serving tables”, so they decided to reserve to themselves the principal duty and to designate for the other task, also necessary in the Church, a group of seven persons. 21. These words from the First Letter of John . Our Common Ground (pt. Indeed, when you read the encyclical Deus caritas est, "you see the Trinity": God the Father (n os 9-11), God the Son (n os 12-15), revealed by the Old and the New Testament; the second part, dedicated to God the Holy Spirit, lets Him be seen at work in the history of the Church. [24] Decree on the Apostolate of the Laity Apostolicam Actuositatem, 8. Against the double commandment of love these questions raise a double objection. In the introduction to the Italian edition of the encyclical, published by Cantagalli, Cardinal Angelo Scola writes: "Prior to this encyclical letter, the papal magisterium had never dealt . The lives of the saints are not limited to their earthly biographies but also include their being and working in God after death. The reason we take action, the cause behind our desire to love the unloved, is not for any other reason than to love. Acts 1:14). The criterion inspiring their activity should be Saint Paul's statement in the Second Letter to the Corinthians: “the love of Christ urges us on” (5:14). [1] Cf. The apparent exaltation of the body can quickly turn into a hatred of bodiliness. He established a hierarchy of metropolitans and priests who were to foster love of God and neighbour. Study Guide Deus Caritas Est - Diocese of Pittsburgh. Until that time, the concept of “neighbour” was understood as referring essentially to one's countrymen and to foreigners who had settled in the land of Israel; in other words, to the closely-knit community of a single country or people. É com profundo pesar e grande gratidão que a Fundação Pontifícia ACN se despede do Papa Emérito Bento XVI. Those who work for the Church's charitable organizations must be distinguished by the fact that they do not merely meet the needs of the moment, but they dedicate themselves to others with heartfelt concern, enabling them to experience the richness of their humanity. According to him, this was the reason for the popularity of the “Galileans”. Deus caritas est (latín: Dios es amor) es la primera encíclica escrita por el Papa Benedicto XVI, y trata el tema del amor cristiano. As a child of six years, Julian witnessed the assassination of his father, brother and other family members by the guards of the imperial palace; rightly or wrongly, he blamed this brutal act on the Emperor Constantius, who passed himself off as an outstanding Christian. b) This situation has led to the birth and the growth of many forms of cooperation between State and Church agencies, which have borne fruit. The one who serves does not consider himself superior to the one served, however miserable his situation at the moment may be. [11] De Trinitate, VIII, 8, 12: CCL 50, 287. El padre empieza explicándonos que el tema al cual se va a referir es el del amor, pero él dice que no podemos quedarnos solo con el conocimiento de lo que es el amor . Para definir con más precisión la relación entre el compromiso necesario por la justicia y el servicio de la caridad, hay que tener en cuenta dos situaciones de hecho: 28a )1. SI Dios está cercano a nosotros y viene hacia nosotros, en los sacramentos, la fe de la Iglesia, otras personas, intervenciones en nuestra vida, signos de la creación Podemos amar al prójimo al que queremos y al que no? An authentically religious attitude prevents man from presuming to judge God, accusing him of allowing poverty and failing to have compassion for his creatures. For other uses, see Deus caritas est (disambiguation). She knows that she will only contribute to the salvation of the world if, rather than carrying out her own projects, she places herself completely at the disposal of God's initiatives. [31] The Code of Canon Law, in the canons on the ministry of the Bishop, does not expressly mention charity as a specific sector of episcopal activity, but speaks in general terms of the Bishop's responsibility for coordinating the different works of the apostolate with due regard for their proper character. Written in 2005, Deus Caritas Est (God is Love) was Pope Benedict XVI's first encyclical letter. Benedicto XVI, quien fue elegido al solio pontificio el 19 de marzo de 2005, inmediatamente después del papa grande Juan Pablo II, en sus primeras palabras a la multitud desde la logia central de la basílica de San Pedro se describió como «un sencillo y humilde trabajador de la viña del Señor». Our thoughts turn especially to Martin of Tours († 397), the soldier who became a monk and a bishop: he is almost like an icon, illustrating the irreplaceable value of the individual testimony to charity. In acknowledging the centrality of love, Christian faith has retained the core of Israel's faith, while at the same time giving it new depth and breadth. Saint Augustine, Confessions, III, 6, 11: CCL 27, 32. Our times call for a new readiness to assist our neighbours in need. ... My heart recoils within me, my compassion grows warm and tender. Love grows through love. Deus Caritas Est and Catholic Social Thought Thomas D. Williams, L.C.. Finally, let us consider the saints, who exercised charity in an exemplary way. But this presupposes an even more radical question: what is justice? [22] Cf. God is love. It presents critical reflections on the situation of this discipline at the faculties of. 39. It is part of love's growth towards higher levels and inward purification that it now seeks to become definitive, and it does so in a twofold sense: both in the sense of exclusivity (this particular person alone) and in the sense of being “for ever”. “Magnificat anima mea Dominum”, she says on the occasion of that visit, “My soul magnifies the Lord” (Lk 1:46). One is so closely connected to the other that to say that we love God becomes a lie if we are closed to our neighbour or hate him altogether. Only my readiness to encounter my neighbour and to show him love makes me sensitive to God as well. All other powers in heaven and on earth thus appear secondary: “Omnia vincit amor” says Virgil in the Bucolics—love conquers all—and he adds: “et nos cedamus amori”—let us, too, yield to love. 2 Cor 12:2-4; 1 Cor 9:22). Lk 17:33 et passim) for others. Yet eros and agape—ascending love and descending love—can never be completely separated. Would he contend with me in the greatness of his power? Concern for our neighbour transcends the confines of national communities and has increasingly broadened its horizon to the whole world. Libro de Religion by hector_contreras_32 in religion Let us take a look at the pre- Christian world. The Vatican, through the Pontifical Council Cor Unum, sponsored a conference in Rome to discuss the themes of the encyclical on 23 January and 24 January 2006, involving Liliana Cavani (director of films including The Night Porter and Ripley's Game) and James Wolfensohn (former head of the World Bank). The saints—consider the example of Blessed Teresa of Calcutta—constantly renewed their capacity for love of neighbour from their encounter with the Eucharistic Lord, and conversely this encounter acquired its real- ism and depth in their service to others. By their sharing in the Church's practice of love, they wish to be witnesses of God and of Christ, and they wish for this very reason freely to do good to all. Former papal adviser reveals why, Love should not be confused with lust, says Pope, Pope's first encyclical on love and sex is lost in translation, Vatican 'cashes in' by putting price on the Pope's copyright,, Pope says faith that God is love should help Christian unity work, Benedict XVI's own introduction to the Encyclical, Commentary on the Encyclical by Catholic Educator's Resource Center, "Deus caritas est, così Benedetto rimise al centro Dio",, This page was last edited on 9 October 2022, at 07:04. English Deutsch Français Español Português Italiano Român Nederlands Latina Dansk Svenska Norsk Magyar Bahasa Indonesia Türkçe Suomi Latvian Lithuanian česk . by John Hemer MHM. Deus caritas est, 31 b), ainda que em cooperação com organismos do Estado para atingir fins comuns. Vol II. [30] But this does not mean that charitable activity must somehow leave God and Christ aside. A just society must be the achievement of politics, not of the Church. The sacramental “mysticism”, grounded in God's condescension towards us, operates at a radically different level and lifts us to far greater heights than anything that any human mystical elevation could ever accomplish. Between the Secular and Christian worldviews, there is a surprising amount of intellectual and ideological overlap. My great predecessor John Paul II left us a trilogy of social Encyclicals: Laborem Exercens (1981), Sollicitudo Rei Socialis (1987) and finally Centesimus Annus (1991). He thus considered it essential for his new pagan religion that, alongside the system of the Church's charity, an equivalent activity of its own be established. Written in 2005, Deus Caritas Est (God is Love) was Pope Benedict XVI's first encyclical letter. It is the responsibility of the Church's charitable organizations to reinforce this awareness in their members, so that by their activity—as well as their words, their silence, their example—they may be credible witnesses to Christ. Love is “divine” because it comes from God and unites us to God; through this unifying process it makes us a “we” which transcends our divisions and makes us one, until in the end God is “all in all” (1 Cor 15:28). A personal relationship with God and an abandonment to his will can prevent man from being demeaned and save him from falling prey to the teaching of fanaticism and terrorism. The pope concedes that love is indeed "ecstasy," namely, it is in its essence to go "out of the closed inward-looking self toward its liberation through self-giving, and thus toward an authentic self-discovery and indeed the discovery of God" (p. 6). 1 Jn 4:8) and that God's presence is felt at the very time when the only thing we do is to love. [13] These two positions have been an ongoing cause for debate in both Catholic and Protestant theology. Once . As citizens of the State, they are called to take part in public life in a personal capacity. [3] Cf. It is God who governs the world, not we. Deus Caritas Est (God is Love) Part I of this encyclical is a reflection on the forms of "love" - eros, philia, agape, emphasising God's love for human beings and the intrinsic connection between God's love and human love. This comes to be replaced by the word ahabà, which the Greek version of the Old Testament translates with the similar-sounding agape, which, as we have seen, becomes the typical expression for the biblical notion of love. DEUS CARITAS EST. Contact with the visible manifestations of God's love can awaken within us a feeling of joy born of the experience of being loved. Love of God and love of neighbour are now truly united: God incarnate draws us all to himself. We see it in the delicacy with which she recognizes the need of the spouses at Cana and makes it known to Jesus. The parable of the Good Samaritan remains as a standard which imposes universal love towards the needy whom we encounter “by chance” (cf. Its subject is love, as seen from a Christian perspective, and God 's place within all love. Enviado por . Deus caritas est, 5); desta forma prevaleceria a lógica do mercado. The Christian faith was thus definitively discredited in his eyes. Deus Caritas Est - Latest news Advertisement Deus Caritas Est 10 Quotes From Pope Benedict XVI on the Beauty of Love and Suffering Jan 3, 2023 When Pope Benedict XVI published his first encyclical, he chose an everlasting topic: love. The dramatic description of Lawrence's martyrdom was known to Saint Ambrose († 397) and it provides a fundamentally authentic picture of the saint. God's passionate love for his people—for humanity—is at the same time a forgiving love. God has made my heart faint; the Almighty has terrified me” (23:3, 5-6, 15-16). "É com pesar que informo que o Papa Emérito Bento XVI faleceu hoje às 9h34 [5h34 no horário de Brasília] no Mosteiro Mater Ecclesiae no Vaticano", escreveu o perfil de notícias do Vaticano no Twitter. However, in accordance with a practice initiated in the pontificate of John Paul II, the unofficial versions prepared by the Vatican in 7 other languages use the singular ("I wish to speak of love"). For this reason it was most opportune that my venerable predecessor Paul VI established the Pontifical Council Cor Unum as the agency of the Holy See responsible for orienting and coordinating the organizations and charitable activities promoted by the Catholic Church. The Church has an indirect duty here, in that she is called to contribute to the purification of reason and to the reawakening of those moral forces without which just structures are neither established nor prove effective in the long run. Jn 6:31-33). Enfim, Sumo Pontífice da Igreja Católica, 264º sucessor do Apóstolo Pedro. The consciousness that, in Christ, God has given himself for us, even unto death, must inspire us to live no longer for ourselves but for him, and, with him, for others. Rather, the Church wishes to help form consciences in political life and to stimulate greater insight into the authentic requirements of justice as well as greater readiness to act accordingly, even when this might involve conflict with situations of personal interest. [8] The Latin version of the First Epistle of John uses the same formulation, Deus caritas est, at the end of chapter 4, verse 8 translating the same phrase in Greek. [1] Pope Benedict XVI explains that Marxism failed, because taking care of the material, worldly needs of the people does not in the end make as much of a . [12] The great Christian writer Tertullian († after 220) relates how the pagans were struck by the Christians' concern for the needy of every sort. Com aquele ato, comunicado ao mundo para a surpresa geral no Consistório de 11 de fevereiro de 2013, e motivado com "a certeza de que, com as minhas forças, pela idade avançada, não estou mais apto a exercitar de maneira adequada o ministério petrino . Pope Benedict XVI wrote the encyclical Deus Caritas Est in 2005 about God's love for humanity. This is due first and foremost to the fact that man is a being made up of body and soul. "God is love, and he who abides in love abides in God, and God abides in him" (1 Jn 4:16). Overview Materials Dignity of the Human Person Dignity of Work and Rights of Workers Rights and Responsibilities Option for the Poor and Vulnerable Community and the Common Good Global Solidarity Care for Creation Role of Government and Subsidiarity Promotion of Peace, Nonviolence, and Disarmament Call to Community, Family, and Participation Faith by its specific nature is an encounter with the living God—an encounter opening up new horizons extending beyond the sphere of reason. Love thus needs to be organized if it is to be an ordered service to the community. The Church's social teaching argues on the basis of reason and natural law, namely, on the basis of what is in accord with the nature of every human being. [21] John Paul II, Post-Synodal Apostolic Exhortation Christifideles Laici (30 December 1988), 42: AAS 81 (1989), 472. This has always been emphasized by Christian teaching on the State and by the Church's social doctrine. [15], The encyclical was published on the feast of the Conversion of Saint Paul and on the last day of the Week of Prayer for Christian Unity. The parable of the Good Samaritan (cf. Lastly, we should especially mention the great parable of the Last Judgement (cf. PRESS RELEASE 25 JANUARY 2006 ENCYCLICAL LETTER DEUS CARITAS EST ON CHRISTIAN LOVE FROM POPE BENEDICT XVI The Vatican has today published an Encyclical Letter from Pope Benedict XVI on Christian Love, entitled Deus Caritas Est. Even in their bewilderment and failure to understand the world around them, Christians continue to believe in the “goodness and loving kindness of God” (Tit 3:4). Sentiments come and go. It could hardly be otherwise, since its promise looks towards its definitive goal: love looks to the eternal. Începând cu secolul al XIX-lea, s-a ridicat obiecția la adresa activității caritative a Bisericii, obiecție care a fost dezvoltată apoi cu insistență, mai ales de gândirea marxistă. A sentiment can be a marvellous first spark, but it is not the fullness of love. Deus caritas est. Purification and growth in maturity are called for; and these also pass through the path of renunciation. “Worship” itself, Eucharistic communion, includes the reality both of being loved and of loving others in turn. This divine activity now takes on dramatic form when, in Jesus Christ, it is God himself who goes in search of the “stray sheep”, a suffering and lost humanity. Faith, hope and charity go together. INTRODUCCIÓN (n. 1):. 4 (244), 2006, p. 2-10. Man is truly himself when his body and soul are intimately united; the challenge of eros can be said to be truly overcome when this unification is achieved. That, in essence, is what the two main parts of this Letter are about, and they are profoundly interconnected. Let us first of all bring to mind the vast semantic range of the word “love”: we speak of love of country, love of one's profession, love between friends, love of work, love between parents and children, love between family members, love of neighbour and love of God. Eros is thus supremely ennobled, yet at the same time it is so purified as to become one with agape. 22. Pronunciation of Deus caritas est with 1 audio pronunciations. [36] Cf. Jn 2:4; 13:1). . Love can be “commanded” because it has first been given. God has made himself visible: in Jesus we are able to see the Father (cf. The first half is said to have been written by Benedict in German, his mother tongue, in the summer of 2005; the second half is derived from uncompleted writings left by John Paul II. eis id: 6 autorius: popiežius benediktas xvi originalo pavadinimas: lettera enciclica deus caritas est del sommo pontefice benedetto xvi ai vescovi ai presbiteri e ai diaconi alle persone consacrate e a tutti i fedeli laici sull'amore cristiano data: 2005-12-25 pirminis Šaltinis: „bažnyčios žinios" nr. Love is the light—and in the end, the only light—that can always illuminate a world grown dim and give us the courage needed to keep living and working. It is characteristic of mature love that it calls into play all man's potentialities; it engages the whole man, so to speak. Deus caritas est From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia. Congregation for Bishops, Directory for the Pastoral Ministry of Bishops Apostolorum Successores (22 February 2004), 197, Vatican City 2004, p. 217. But this encounter also engages our will and our intellect. Deus caritas est Latin for 'God is Love' Encyclical of Pope Benedict XVI; Signature date 25 December 2005: Subject: Christian love: Pages: 95 . The main problem between the two groups seems to be one of vocabulary. Jesus takes up this cry for help as a warning to help us return to the right path. 42. 24. For Benedict, agape purifies eros. b) The Church is God's family in the world. In considering this, we immediately find ourselves hampered by a problem of language. The Church has the duty to interpret ever anew this relationship between near and far with regard to the actual daily life of her members. This principle is the starting-point for understanding the great parables of Jesus. Towards the middle of the fourth century we see the development in Egypt of the “diaconia”: the institution within each monastery responsible for all works of relief, that is to say, for the service of charity. The text mentions the name of Mother Teresa four times, the last as a "saint" (despite the fact that she was not yet canonised) in such company as Francis of Assisi, Ignatius of Loyola, John of God, Camillus of Lellis, Vincent de Paul, Louise de Marillac, Giuseppe B. Cottolengo, John Bosco, and Luigi Orione. Deus Caritas Est The Latest 10 quotes from Pope Benedict XVI on the beauty of love and suffering Jan 3, 2023 By Katie Yoder When Pope Benedict XVI published his first encyclical, he chose an. Sulpicius Severus, Vita Sancti Martini, 3, 1-3: SCh 133, 256-258. The testimonials of gratitude, offered to her from every continent and culture, are a recognition of that pure love which is not self- seeking but simply benevolent. And we have also seen, synthetically, that biblical faith does not set up a parallel universe, or one opposed to that primordial human phenomenon which is love, but rather accepts the whole man; it intervenes in his search for love in order to purify it and to reveal new dimensions of it. Haec Primae Epistulae Ioannis verba singulari quidem perspicuitate veluti fidei christianae centrum aperiunt: christianam Dei imaginem atque etiam congruentem hominis imaginem eiusque itineris. c) Charity, furthermore, cannot be used as a means of engaging in what is nowadays considered proselytism. It reflects on God as the author of love and the Christian's response to that love. is My deep personal sharing in the needs and sufferings of others becomes a sharing of my very self with them: if my gift is not to prove a source of humiliation, I must give to others not only something that is my own, but my very self; I must be personally present in my gift. To do all we can with what strength we have, however, is the task which keeps the good servant of Jesus Christ always at work: “The love of Christ urges us on” (2 Cor 5:14). [23] Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1939. O Scribd é o maior site social de leitura e publicação do mundo. 19:37), we can understand the starting-point of this Encyclical Letter: “God is love” (1 Jn 4:8). 5. 1): The God of the Gaps. Instead of contributing through individual works of charity to maintaining the status quo, we need to build a just social order in which all receive their share of the world's goods and no longer have to depend on charity. Certainly, as the Lord tells us, one can become a source from which rivers of living water flow (cf. Love is therefore the service that the Church carries out in order to attend constantly to man's sufferings and his needs, including material needs. Marriage based on exclusive and definitive love becomes the icon of the relationship between God and his people and vice versa. The Old Testament firmly opposed this form of religion, which represents a powerful temptation against monotheistic faith, combating it as a perversion of religiosity. God himself pushes us in our interior to alleviate misery. Source: « deus é amor, e quem permanece no amor permanece em deus e deus nele » (1 jo 4, 16). We contribute to a better world only by personally doing good now, with full commitment and wherever we have the opportunity, independently of partisan strategies and programmes. These words from the First Letter of John express with remarkable clarity the heart of the Christian faith: the Christian image of God and the resulting image of mankind and its destiny. [31] Cf. 28. First there is the word dodim, a plural form suggesting a love that is still insecure, indeterminate and searching. It found a vivid expression in the case of the deacon Lawrence († 258). 4 /5. On the other hand, should he deny the spirit and consider matter, the body, as the only reality, he would likewise lose his greatness. We have seen that the formation of just structures is not directly the duty of the Church, but belongs to the world of politics, the sphere of the autonomous use of reason. For her part, the Church, as the social expression of Christian faith, has a proper independence and is structured on the basis of her faith as a community which the State must recognize. A mention of the emperor Julian the Apostate († 363) can also show how essential the early Church considered the organized practice of charity. 6). Then I learn to look on this other person not simply with my eyes and my feelings, but from the perspective of Jesus Christ. Eros needs agape? The divine power that Aristotle at the height of Greek philosophy sought to grasp through reflection, is indeed for every being an object of desire and of love —and as the object of love this divinity moves the world[6]—but in itself it lacks nothing and does not love: it is solely the object of love. As Augustine once said, a State which is not governed according to justice would be just a bunch of thieves: “Remota itaque iustitia quid sunt regna nisi magna latrocinia?”. When Jesus speaks in his parables of the shepherd who goes after the lost sheep, of the woman who looks for the lost coin, of the father who goes to meet and embrace his prodigal son, these are no mere words: they constitute an explanation of his very being and activity. Anyone who needs me, and whom I can help, is my neighbour. Nowadays Christianity of the past is often criticized as having been opposed to the body; and it is quite true that tendencies of this sort have always existed. Deus caritas est Introduction ENCYCLICAL LETTER OF THE SUPREME PONTIFF BENEDICT XVI TO THE BISHOPS, PRIESTS, AND DEACONS, MEN AND WOMEN RELIGIOUS, AND ALL THE LAY FAITHFUL, ON CHRISTIAN LOVE. Indeed, the prostitutes in the temple, who had to bestow this divine intoxication, were not treated as human beings and persons, but simply used as a means of arousing “divine madness”: far from being goddesses, they were human persons being exploited. Only thus is love —eros—able to mature and attain its authentic grandeur. [32] Recently, however, the Directory for the Pastoral Ministry of Bishops explored more specifically the duty of charity as a responsibility incumbent upon the whole Church and upon each Bishop in his Diocese,[33] and it emphasized that the exercise of charity is an action of the Church as such, and that, like the ministry of Word and Sacrament, it too has been an essential part of her mission from the very beginning.[34]. In the Gospel of Luke we find her engaged in a service of charity to her cousin Elizabeth, with whom she remained for “about three months” (1:56) so as to assist her in the final phase of her pregnancy. Conversely, as we shall have to consider in greater detail below, the “commandment” of love is only possible because it is more than a requirement. In the development of biblical faith, however, the content of the prayer fundamental to Israel, the Shema, became increasingly clear and unequivocal: “Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord” (Dt 6:4). We have come to believe in God's love: in these words the Christian can express the fundamental decision of his life. Certainly, the notion of creation is found elsewhere, yet only here does it become absolutely clear that it is not one god among many, but the one true God himself who is the source of all that exists; the whole world comes into existence by the power of his creative Word. Este é um canal dedicado a cultura cristã, aqui postaremos leituras de diversos textos e livros do cristianismo, se você se interessa pelo tema nos ajude, cu. In the Church's Liturgy, in her prayer, in the living community of believers, we experience the love of God, we perceive his presence and we thus learn to recognize that presence in our daily lives. This love does not simply offer people material help, but refreshment and care for their souls, something which often is even more necessary than material support. Here it might be helpful to allude to the earliest legal structures associated with the service of charity in the Church. Let us note straight away that the Greek Old Testament uses the word eros only twice, while the New Testament does not use it at all: of the three Greek words for love, eros, philia (the love of friendship) and agape, New Testament writers prefer the last, which occurs rather infrequently in Greek usage. Lk 10:31), whoever they may be. Est, p. 4, par. In these words, Jesus portrays his own path, which leads through the Cross to the Resurrection: the path of the grain of wheat that falls to the ground and dies, and in this way bears much fruit. EN. Love of God and love of neighbour have become one: in the least of the brethren we find Jesus himself, and in Jesus we find God. Show us Jesus. First, he insisted that love of neighbor, expressed in works of charity that embody a personal responsibility to the "other," cannot be outsourced to government agencies. But charitable commitment has a meaning that goes well beyond mere philanthropy. 17. Deus Caritas Est means God is Love in Latin, and it is the title of one of the encyclicals of Pope Benedict XVI. Far from rejecting or “poisoning” eros, they heal it and restore its true grandeur. Mt 25:31-46), in which love becomes the criterion for the definitive decision about a human life's worth or lack thereof. The element of agape thus enters into this love, for otherwise eros is impoverished and even loses its own nature. Deus caritas est, 20), deve exprimir-se através de gestos concretos. The Church's charitable organizations, beginning with those of Caritas (at diocesan, national and international levels), ought to do everything in their power to provide the resources and above all the personnel needed for this work. The first words of Benedict's first encyclical quote the First Letter of John: "God is love, and he who abides in love abides in God,. Justice is both the aim and the intrinsic criterion of all politics. Significantly, our time has also seen the growth and spread of different kinds of volunteer work, which assume responsibility for providing a variety of services. Difficult. 11. Without in any way detracting from this commandment of universal love, the Church also has a specific responsibility: within the ecclesial family no member should suffer through being in need. 19. “If you see charity, you see the Trinity”, wrote Saint Augustine. How can we obtain it? Jn 3:16), sent his only-begotten Son into the world to redeem man. The problem is one of practical reason; but if reason is to be exercised properly, it must undergo constant purification, since it can never be completely free of the danger of a certain ethical blindness caused by the dazzling effect of power and special interests. Lead us to him. Seeing with the eyes of Christ, I can give to others much more than their outward necessities; I can give them the look of love which they crave. 203. Dreptate și caritate. As Saint Paul says: “He who is united to the Lord becomes one spirit with him” (1 Cor 6:17). On this solid rock the entire faith of the church is based. I cannot possess Christ just for myself; I can belong to him only in union with all those who have become, or who will become, his own. [15] Whatever historical reliability one attributes to these details, Lawrence has always remained present in the Church's memory as a great exponent of ecclesial charity. As the one responsible for the care of the poor in Rome, Lawrence had been given a period of time, after the capture of the Pope and of Lawrence's fellow deacons, to collect the treasures of the Church and hand them over to the civil authorities. Corresponding to the image of a monotheistic God is monogamous marriage. 2:42-44): today as in the past, the Church as God's family must be a place where help is given and received, and at the same time, a place where people are also prepared to serve those outside her confines who are in need of help. Ps 73 [72]:23-28). A decisive step in the difficult search for ways of putting this fundamental ecclesial principle into practice is illustrated in the choice of the seven, which marked the origin of the diaconal office (cf. Deus Caritas Est, n. 5); otherwise the logic of the market would gain the upper hand. In the early Church, in fact, with regard to the daily distribution to widows, a disparity had arisen between Hebrew speakers and Greek speakers. We can thus understand how agape also became a term for the Eucharist: there God's own agape comes to us bodily, in order to continue his work in us and through us. Clearly, the Christian who prays does not claim to be able to change God's plans or correct what he has foreseen. The encyclical argues that eros and agape are not distinct kinds of love, but are separate halves of complete love, unified as both a giving and receiving. Pope Gregory the Great († 604) mentions the diaconia of Naples, while in Rome the diaconiae are documented from the seventh and eighth centuries. As a community, the Church must practise love. 29. Deus caritas est - pp.B - il 25 dicembre 2005. It consists in the very fact that, in God and with God, I love even the person whom I do not like or even know. 41. É uma figura, a do "Papa emérito" ou do "Pontífice Romano . No longer is it self-seeking, a sinking in the intoxication of happiness; instead it seeks the good of the beloved: it becomes renunciation and it is ready, and even willing, for sacrifice. We become “one body”, completely joined in a single existence. Two aspects of this are important. El amor es una luz -en el fondo la única-que ilumina constantemente a un mundo oscuro y nos da la fuerza para vivir y actuar. DEUS CARITAS EST OF THE SUPREME PONTIFF BENEDICT XVI TO THE BISHOPS PRIESTS AND DEACONS MEN AND WOMEN RELIGIOUS AND ALL THE LAY FAITHFUL ON CHRISTIAN LOVE INTRODUCTION 1. Jn 19:34). Eros needs God? 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